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What is Diazepam and How to Administer Rectal Tubes

What is Diazepam and How to Administer Rectal Tubes

Dr. Natascha Hedegaard BVetMed MRCVS graduated as a veterinary surgeon from the Royal Veterinary College, London, in 2018. She is passionate about optimising canine health with a holistic approach to veterinary medicine and consideration for the individual patient .She is currently undertaking her Postgraduate Certificate in Small Animal Medicine with an aim to becoming an Advanced Practitioner.

As pet owners, we always want to ensure the well-being of our dogs, especially when it comes to managing health conditions like seizures. Its fairly common for vets to prescribe diazepam to epileptic dogs and you might be wondering what is diazepam and how do you administer rectal tubes? Diazepam is a medication commonly used to treat acute seizures in dogs, providing rapid relief in emergency situations. In this blog post, we'll explore what rectal diazepam is, how to administer it to your dog, and when it's appropriate to use.

Understanding Rectal Diazepam

Rectal diazepam is a benzodiazepine medication used to treat acute seizures or clusters of seizures in dogs. It works by calming overactive brain activity, helping to stop seizures and prevent further episodes.


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Administering Rectal Diazepam

Administering rectal diazepam to your dog may seem daunting at first, but with proper guidance and preparation, it can be done safely and effectively. Here's a step-by-step guide:

  1. Prepare the Medication: Ensure you have the prescribed dose of rectal diazepam readily available. Rectal diazepam is often available in pre-filled syringes or rectal gel applicators for easy administration.

  2. Position Your Dog: Gently restrain your dog in a comfortable position, such as lying on their side. You may need the assistance of another person to hold your dog still during administration.

  3. Insert the Applicator: Carefully insert the rectal gel applicator or syringe into your dog's rectum. Be gentle and avoid causing discomfort to your dog.

  4. Administer the Medication: Depress the plunger of the syringe or applicator to release the prescribed dose of rectal diazepam into your dog's rectum. Ensure the entire dose is administered as directed by your veterinarian.

  5. Hold and Comfort Your Dog: After administering the medication, gently hold your dog in place for a brief period to allow the medication to be absorbed. Comfort your dog with soothing words and gentle strokes to help them relax.


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When to Use Rectal Diazepam

Rectal diazepam is typically used in emergency situations when your dog is experiencing acute seizures or clusters of seizures. It provides rapid relief and can help prevent further complications associated with prolonged seizures while contacting and/or making your way to your veterinarian.

It's important to follow your veterinarian's guidance on when and how to administer rectal diazepam to your dog. Your veterinarian will provide specific instructions based on your dog's weight, individual health condition and seizure history. It is often acceptable to repeat the dosing several times at specific intervals, please ensure you have all this information clearly provided to you prior to needing to use it.

Conclusion: What is Diazepam and How to Administer Rectal Tubes

Rectal diazepam can be a valuable tool in managing acute seizures in dogs, providing rapid relief in emergency situations. By following proper administration techniques and consulting with your veterinarian, you can ensure your furry friend receives the prompt and effective treatment they need during seizure episodes. Remember, if you have any questions or concerns about administering rectal diazepam to your dog, don't hesitate to reach out to your veterinarian for guidance and support.

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